In 1981 the Iwi of Te Āti Awa, Ngāti Raukawa and Ngāti Toa Rangatira established Te Wānanga o Raukawa (TWoR) and functioned as an independent entity. In 1993, after 12 years of operating without Crown support, Te Wānanga o Raukawa became a “wānanga” pursuant to the Education Act 1989.
Although funded for the provision of education Te Wānanga o Raukawa did not receive establishment funding from the Crown. This led to TWoR, along with two other wānanga, bringing a claim before the Waitangi Tribunal under WAI 718. The claim concerned the Crown’s policies in relation to capital establishment funding for the three wānanga. The Waitangi Tribunal issued its report in 1999 entitled the “Wānanga Capital Establishment Report (1999)”. The report recommended, amongst other recommendations, that a one-off payment of a capital sum be made to each of the claimant wānanga for the expenditure of capital and labor that they invested in establishing their respective wānanga.
In 2008 TWoR and the Crown recorded their settlement of the claim. In recognition of the efforts of the Founding Iwi in establishing TWoR and supporting its activities, the Crown and TWoR agreed in clause 20 of the Deed of Settlement, that $17,970,000 of the settlement amount (“the agreed portion of the settlement amount”) was to be given to an independent charitable trust which would be established and controlled by the Founding Iwi or their representatives for the purpose of assisting TWoR to contribute to the ongoing survival of Māori as a people in its provision of educational services to the Founding Iwi.